Judoist Haku Michigami
the "Opponent Adaptive Movement" at the Busen
down from the GHQ, and the shift of mainstream judo to Kohdohkan
of the warning to preserve traditional judo
Socializing with his apprentices at a cafe (4 from the right)
|Born in 1912 at Yawatahama-shi,
Ehime prefecture, he builds his passion for judo by reading
Mitsuyo Maeda's Sekai Kenka Ryokoki which became the routes
for Gracie Jujutsu. At Kyoto Busen, he learns the depth of
Busen is the only school established by the Dai-Nihon Butokukai
specialized in martial arts. I got stuck in the health examinations
in the first test. It was because I had a scar from an operation
back when I was small. So entered Ritsumeikan University which
was also in Kyoto. I retook the test after a year and entered
the Busen, we had academic classes in the morning and judo
classes after noon. It wasn't rare for a day with 1000 uchikomis.
After practice, I would go up Yoshida Mountain which was nearby.
There, I would put on a belt around big trees and perform
my moves. I trained my waist and hips through this routine,
until it got very dark.
then, weight classes did not exist. A small man to fight a
bigger opponent. It was given for one to perform the "happo
no kuzushi"(fighting the opponent through the eight directions).
Performing different moves depending on the opponent's height,
weight, length of limbs, and point of balance; repeating matches
is the only way to achieve this. I called this "Action-Reaction",
and made it the theme of teaching judo overseas. Judo is complicated
and is more difficult than playing the piano. A pianist hits
stationary keys but a judoist confronts a moving opponent.
But since they move, one can use his opponent's force to throw
him. This is what I learned during the 4 years at Busen.
The General Headquarters shut Butokukai and Busen down after
WWII. Japanese judo centers around Kohdohkan from this point.
was filled with yamatodamashi(Japanese spirit). That is probably
why it was seen as a dangerous organization. If it had continued,
Judo would have been different both in technical and mental
people in the Butokukai have learned judo to a very high level.
I am sure that Kohdohkan also had those people, but teachers
had the atmosphere of a researcher and/or a businessman. Jigoro
Kano, the man who established Kohdohkan, was a very intelligent
Busen, the seniors go on a training tour. Depending on the
year, seniors went to Taiwan, Manchuria, and other areas.
In my year, we traveled around Japan. When we met Master Kano
during the tour, he told us that we are specialized in judo
and that he wanted us to spread our technique and spirit throughout
did not forget those words after I flew to France. When I
returned once to Japan in 1961, I requested a meeting with
the head of Kohdohkan to discuss about the future of Japanese
judo and the ranks promotion system.
they finally responded to my third request, they only gave
my 20 minutes. That only gave me time to salute him. He told
me that he will soon visit France and that we will meet again
then. That never happened.
next day, I heard that he said that a next meeting was unnecessary.
He also commented that "Michigami has nothing to do with
hope, I wrote "The Bombshell Announcement Towards Kohdohkan
Judo" to the Bungei Shunju in 1963, an year before
the Tokyo Olympics. I meant to give a warning to preserve
traditional judo, but the message did no go through. After
that incident, I've had no relation with Kohdohkan. It's a
shame, but there is nothing that can be done about it.